The type of land use, the concentration of land and natural resources, the destruction of ecosystems, and the homogenization of landscapes, are key elements in the debate on the current health crisis and human resilience.
In the Brazilian Cerrado, on the nation’s agricultural frontier, rapid deforestation by expanding agribusiness, depletion of water resources, and an unsympathetic government are further complicating the resolution of the long-time struggle over land rights.
Agribusiness proponents in the Brazilian states of Rondônia, Acre and Amazonas plan to create a joint agricultural area, Amacro, inspired by the multi-state Matopiba region that is now the country’s grain-growing heartland.
World Bank and IMF policies have provided key support for the financialisation of food and agriculture, resulting in landgrabs, price volatility, the concentration of power and the expansion of climate-damaging industrial agriculture
While the COVID-19 pandemic threatens the health of Indigenous peoples in Brazil’s Amazon, pressure over their traditional lands is increasing as grileiros –individuals who illegally seize land – sense an opportunity to exploit the crisis.
En el Cono Sur se desarrolla una reforma agraria, pero al revés: donde unos pocos tienen mucho y donde muchos no tienen casi nada. Es la situación de la tierra en Argentina, Brasil, Bolivia, Paraguay y Uruguay.