Ce guide vise à attirer des investissements dans l'agriculture tout en assurant que ceux-ci contribuent à sortir les gens de la pauvreté, participent au développement rural et protéger l'environnement.
Foreign investors in the agricultural sector are under regulated in the current framework of international investment law, voluntary guidelines and fragmented national investment legislation, and over protected in regional and bilateral investment treaties and domestic regulation.
The authors found reports of 86 Chinese agriculture projects covering 9 million hectares of land in developing countries. They were able to confirm the existence of 55 projects covering 4.9 million hectares.
While certain provisions in contracts can contain sensitive commercial information that may require a level of confidentiality, it does not justify keeping all information about large-scale agricultural projects outside the public domain.
Private investors and governments have recently stepped up foreign investment in farmland in the form of purchases or long-term lease of large tracks of arable land, notably in Africa. This brief examines the implications of this trend for sustainable development.