Natural persons will not own more than 100 hectares of unincorporated land

FACEBOOK  | 5 September 2013
Changes to the law in Romania will prevent individuals from owning more than 100 hectares of unincorporated farmland and will oblige them to show proof of agricultural knowledge and experience.

Natural persons will not own more than 100 hectares of unincorporated land

Natural persons will no longer be allowed to own more than 100 hectares of unincorporated farmland. In order to purchase land, both Romanian and EU citizens will have to meet several requirements, including providing proof of knowledge or 5 years minimum experience in the field of agriculture. “Unfortunately, in certain areas, the soil has been damaged as a result of insufficient agricultural knowledge. People who want to practice agriculture in the future must have the necessary basic knowledge. This knowledge is not included in the bill draft, but will be defined after a public debate, through a government decision with methodology norms”, Minister of Agriculture Daniel Constantin stated yesterday after a press conference.

He also pointed out that requirements are not as restrictive in Romania as they are in other states, such as France, where one of the requirements is to have agricultural studies before owning a farmland. In addition, according to a bill draft by the Ministry of Agriculture, natural persons who own unincorporated farmland in Romania must prove they have conducted agricultural work on the respective land.

The law will be applicable to natural persons only, who are Romanian citizens, citizens of an EU Member State or stateless persons residing in Romania or in an EU Member State. Citizens from a third party state and stateless persons residing in a third party state will be granted land ownership rights under the conditions regulated through international treaties, based on the reciprocity criterion. The land market will be deregulated as of 1 January 2014, thus allowing the purchase of farmland by EU citizens.

However, upon request from Bio Romania, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has extended the registration deadline for ecological agriculture operators until 31 August; the number of operators is similar to last year’s, Constantin also stated, according to “And I must tell you it was a success and this year’s number of operators is similar to last year’s – around 15.000 ecological agriculture operators”, the Minister added.

According to data provided by the Bio Romania Association, Romanian eco-friendly producers export approximately two times more products than they sell on the internal market and annual deliveries abroad are estimated at EUR 200-250 million, over 90 percent of which are raw materials.

‘Romanian Bio Produce’ brand launched

Bio Romania announced the official launch of the brand and logo ‘Rodul Bio Romanesc (Romanian Bio Produce), and hailed the 15 per cent cut in the VAT for bio wheat, flour, and bread and bakery products, for sale both in the Carrefour chain and in all the stores selling bio produce. The brand was launched at Village Museum in Bucharest at a joint press conference with Agriculture Minister Daniel Constantin. Association chairman Marian Cioceanu also announced that Bio Romania and Carrefour Romania signed a partnership to sell countryside-made bio products in the local Carrefour hypermarkets chain.

The products manufactured by the members of the Bio Romania Association were listed in seven of the Bucharest-based hypermarkets, on July 31, 2013, and starting on this Sept 12, buyers are to find Romanian-made bio food in 19 Carrefour hypermarkets, countrywide.
According to Bio Romania the project was initiated by MEP Daciana Sarbu and Agriculture Minister Daniel Constantin.

PM Ponta: Many producers have lowered price of bread by 15 pc, but some have raised it
Around 75-80 percent of baking companies have lowered the price of bread by 15 percent. Following the VAT reduction implemented on 1 September, small producers have generally maintained prices, while ten companies have increased product prices, according to Prime Minister Victor Ponta. “After we lowered the VAT, ten producers (…) decided to take advantage of the situation by raising the price of bread, while smaller producers have generally not changed a thing”, Ponta said at the start of the government meeting. He also asked Daniel Constantin, the Minister of Agriculture, to make public the names of the companies who raised prices.
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